The CDC defines ADHD as a neurodevelopmental disorder in childhood. It could also go on to adulthood.
Children with ADHD will show symptoms of inattentiveness, impulsivity and lots of hyperactivity. It affects boys more than it affects girls. ADHD can be diagnosed using the American DSM. A paediatrician will ask you about how your child behaves at home, their sleep patterns as well as what foods you are giving them. Using the DSM, they will be able to diagnose whether your child has ADHD or not and therefore recommend medication to calm your child or practices that you need to uphold taking care of the child.
As one age, you will be able to take shed off the symptoms. ADHD affects a child’s confidence as well as their social interaction with others. They will also tend not to perform so well in school since they will show signs of inattentiveness in class plus doing assignments too hurriedly and carelessly as they want to jump into the next activity.
Signs of ADHD
- Has trouble waiting for their turns in a game
- Will blurt out answers to questions even before they are asked
- Speaks too fast
- Run around recklessly and aimlessly
- Climbing onto things and jumping around
- Have trouble sitting still in class
- Is always in motion
How can I help my child with ADHD?
As a parent of a child with ADHD, you will need to learn all these things and take care of your child with the condition with love. Most probably, they will outgrow these signs as they mature into their teenage years. But for the formative years, you will just need to look into ways to help them deal with the condition.
- Limit screen time– excess screen time has been found to be not a very good idea for kids with ADHD. Rather than spend time on the telly, such kids should be out there running, jogging and doing other energy-intensive activities that are going to tire your child.
- Manage aggression in a safe and amicable way–If your child shows signs of a tantrum, it is time to remove them from that environment and giving them a timeout when they can calm down from the aggressive behaviour,
- Find ways to channel some of the excess energy in a child. A trampoline therapy for example could be a great way to have your child channelling some of their excess energy while still enjoying as they bounce up and down.
- Medications to calm down the child–There are some medications given to children to calm them down when they are too hyperactive. You will need to involve a medical practitioner before giving any medicine to your child.